|Oxford Yesterday - Forthill - Notable residents|
"Rich history is a source of local pride"
Oxford is one of the townships of the "Chenango Twenty Towns" ceded to NY State by the Oneida Indians in a treaty made by Governor George Clinton at Fort Schuyler, (Utica), September 22, 1788. On January 19th, 1793, the township of Fayette and an area then known as Gore, were incorporated into the town of Oxford, also formed from Union, Broome county, and Jericho (now Bainbridge). At this time Oxford was in Tioga County. The first town meeting was held at the Oxford house of Benjamin Hovey, Town Supervisor, on June 17th, 1793.
History of Transportation-Rail Road and the Chenango Canal
Because of its position at the intersection of the east-west Catskill-Ithaca turnpike and the north-south Utica to Binghamton route, Oxford became a trading center early on, by stage coach.
In the 1800's the bluestone quarries of Oxford were booming. Oxford
was fortunate enough to have many quarries, owned by different
companies. But two of them were the most productive quarries in
the United States, and they were owned by the F. G. Clarke Blue
Stone Company. The "bluestone belt", which ran along
the west bank of the Hudson around Coxsackie, NY, southwest just
past PA, seemed to have inexhaustible deposits in Oxford, adding
to the prosperity of the village. The success of the mines was
partly due to the fact that it was close to transportation.
Railroads expanded in the 1870's, and the O. & W. and the D.
L. & W. railroads came in and replaced the need for the canal.
The trains had some problems with the huge pieces of bluestone
that the Clarke Company needed shipped. This was soon remedied
with a creation by J. J. Treanor of Hurst and Treanor of Hastings-on-Hudson,
NY. He designed a special railroad car that held stones, ordinarily
too wide, up on its edge from the side of the railroad car. It
was an ingenious invention that perfected the stone shipping business.
In 1888, the F. G. Clarke Co. began expanding their business by
purchasing lots of modern stone cutting equipment. It replaced
the need to send stone pieces east for cutting, reducing their
expenses. As expected, business grew and grew. They had around
300 employees, many were immigrants from Ireland and Germany, but
chiefly from Lipari, Italy.
One fine example of bluestone work still stands in Oxford. It
was the First National Bank of Oxford, built in 1894, which is
the Town & Village Hall, and the Law offices of Roger Monaco.
It was a Richardson Romanesque design. The architect was Isaac
and the contractor & builder
was James M. Wright, both of Binghamton. The three story building
was constructed of brick with Oxford bluestone on the front, furnished
by the F. G. Clarke Blue Stone Co.. Not only are the stones shaped
on the facade, but it is accented with two elaborate stone carvings
just below the balcony. The carvings are of two faces, surrounded
by oak leaves, that appear to be English "Green Men",
the nature spirits of the forest. They were popular designs of
the period. One face, complete with a wart was carved by
Theodore D. Wands and the other face (shown at left) is by
a Mr. Conroy.
More history can be found on the following pages:
Now-May 31, Art of Katie Thomas Exhibit at 6 On The Square.
Thursdays at 10 AM, Preschool/Toddler Storytime at Library in the Community Services Room.
Thursdays at 6:30 PM, Rotary Club Meeting (every Thurs.) at American Legion Post #376.
Thursdays "Trapshooting Thursdays" at the Oxford Rod & Gun Club. Check with them for scheduled times.
April 26, 9 AM, Arbor Day Ceremony & Tree Give-Away in LaFayette Park.
April 26, 12 PM/Noon, Oxford Historical Society Board Meets at Depot-Museum.
April 26, 4:30-6:30 PM, UCO Pork Dinner & all the trimmings at United Church of Oxford Fellowship Hall of the Fort Hill building, across from the Library.
April 26, 7:30 PM, Cheryl Wheeler at 6 On The Square. Rick Gottlieb will open for Cheryl.
April 29, Noon - 5 PM, Blood Drive at High School.
April 29, May 27, June 24, 7:30 PM, the Village Board of Trustees meeting. (Last Tues. of month.)
April 29, May 27, June 24, 7 PM, Drumming Circle at 6 On The Square. (Last Tues. of month.)
May 3 & 17; June 7 & 21, 7:30 PM, Karaoke at Legion Post 376. Open to public. (1st & 3rd Saturday/mo.)
May 3, 7:30 AM - 12:30 PM, Red Cross Blood Drive at American Legion Post 376. Enter to win a $50 Lowe's gift card.
May 3, 7:30 PM, Marjorie Thompson at 6 On The Square.
May 4, 7:30-11 AM, Don Utter Benefit Breakfast, Bake Sale & Raffle at American Legion Post 376.
May 7, then June 4, 7:00 PM, American Legion's SAL Meets at Post 376. (1st Wed/monthly. Not in Jan. or Feb.).
May 10, 8 AM - 2 PM, ALA's Great Garage Sale Day & Bake Sale Shop for housewares, crafts, baked goods, have lunch and more at Oxford Legion Post 376.
May 10, then June 14, 5-7 PM, Second Saturday Spaghetti Dinner at St. Paul's Church.
May 12, then June 9; 7:00 PM, AL Auxiliary Unit 376 meets (2nd Monday/mo.) in Legion Post 376. (No meetings in July or August.)
May 13 & 27, June 10 & 24, etc. 7 PM, Lions Club Meeting at Fred's Inn Restaurant. (2nd/4th Tues)
May 14, 10 AM, OIDC meets (quarterly mtgs.) at Village Hall.
May 15, June 19, July 19, 7:30 PM, Open Mic at 6 On The Square. (3rd Thrs.)
May 19, June 16, 7 PM, A.L. Legionnaires Meet at Legion Post 376.(3rd Mon/month)
May 21, June 18, July 16, 7 PM, Library Board Meets at Library. (3rd Wed.)
May 26, 9:30 AM, Post 376 Memorial Day Parade stepping off at American Legion Post 376.
May 28, 7 PM, Annual Meeting of Riverview Cemetery Association at Library.
May 31, 7:30 PM, Brian Ashley Jones at 6 On The Square.
June 10, 7 PM, Oxford Historical Society presents Linda Lewis-Moors Habitat volunteer who went to New Orleans. Held at Oxford Historical Museum-Depot.